School History Trip To Berlin
Berlin has been at the centre of many key events of modern European History, WWII, The Cold War, the Fall of Communism and the reunification of Germany.
Escape attempts at Checkpoint Charlie Museum
Museum at the former HQ of the Gestapo and the SS
Wall art at East Side Gallery
The former Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen
*Please note, entrance fees where applicable are not included in typical price – contact us for more details
Explore Berlin’s rich culture and history on foot by taking a walking tour. The must see sights are the Brandenburg Gate (a former city gate, rebuilt in the late 18th century as a neoclassical triumphal arch), the Reichstag, Memorial to the murdered Jews of Europe and Unter den Linden – the most well-known and grandest street in Berlin.
Two millennia of German Jewish history are on display, in two buildings – one of which is a new addition by architect Daniel Libeskind. German Jewish culture is overshadowed by the Holocaust – an event that evokes the enormous emotions and themes. Students can see at The Jewish Museum how Jews in Germany have responded to their history through their art.
This outdoor museum and information centre is on the site of the former headquarters of the Gestapo and the SS. By finding out about the destructive effects of Nazi state terror, students gain a humanising insight into the history of totalitarianism in Germany, and its implications for the world today. They learn important lessons not only for exams, but also for their broader development.
Checkpoint Charlie, the most well-known of the border crossings between East and West, is now one of Berlin’s most popular tourist attractions. At the Checkpoint Charlie Museum unique artefacts including many of the contraptions used by those who tried to cross illegally, and works inspired by the division, will vividly bring the past to life for your students.
East Berliners breached the Wall on 9 November 1989, and between February and June of 1990, 118 artists created unique works of art on its longest-remaining section. This open-air gallery serves as a memorial for freedom. One of the best-known works, by Russian artist Dmitri Vrubel, depicts Brezhnev and Honnecker (the former East German leader) kissing.
A guide will tell your group all about the German architectural and sports history of the Olympiastadion, built for the 1936 Summer Olympics, and Olympiapark. Enjoy the view from the top of the Glockenturn bell tower and browse the exhibition at the Langemarckhall. Fact: The Olympiastadion has been the ground of club Hertha BSC since 1963.
Between 1951 and 1989 the Stasi secret police used this site as a detention centre for unsentenced suspects. Holding mainly political prisoners, it was infamous for its regime of physical and psychological torture meted out to inmates. It is now a memorial museum with rooms, surveillance technology and interiors as they were before the fall of Communism. Photo © Ian Patterson.
On 20th January 1942, high officials from the Nazi Ministries and the SS met in the Minoux villa by the Wannsee waterside. Negotiations took place on the organised deportation and murder (the ‘Final Solution’) of European Jews in Poland and Eastern Europe. The villa now houses memorial and exhibitions on the Holocaust, plus guided tours for study groups.
The concentration camp at Sachsenhausen was established in 1936 and placed 35km north of Berlin. Students can see the horrifying conditions in which inmates were forced to live, observe the artefacts that victims left behind and consider how Germans have tried to come to terms with their recent history.
The Berlin Wall Memorial is an open-aired exhibition documenting the impact of a divided city and those who risked their lives for freedom in the Western Block. The Documentation Centre provides students with an historical overview of events in the build up to the construction of the Berlin Wall until the present day. Image by Ansgar Koreng, via Wikimedia Commons.
Known as the ‘Palace of Tears’, Tränenpalast was the former border crossing where East Germans would say farewell to visitors returning to West Germany. Today, Tränenpalast illustrates the effects of this great divide that impacted hugely on everyday life through a series of media. Image by Jörg Zägel CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons.
This museum depicts everyday life in the GDR, from typical everyday products to examples of fashion, industrial design and artistic symbolism of objects representing the political system. Students are provided with a unique insight into the perception of life within the GDR. Image by © Stephan Klonk/Stiftung Haus der Geschichte CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons.
Documenting the history of Berlin’s most famous border crossing, the Black Box at Checkpoint Charlie also highlights the symbolic significance of the Wall in the division between Germany and the rest of Europe. Through the use of photographs and media stations, students will be able to interpret events, emotions and public reaction to life inside East Germany.
The hugely impressive 360 degrees artistic interpretation of life within divided Germany gives students the chance to reflect on the daily routine of children and adults through the eyes of an artist who grew up in the well-known Kreuzberg area of West Berlin. Photo by asisi F&E GmbH CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons.
Germany’s dynamic history is placed in a European context in the exhibition German History in Pictures and Documents, set in Berlin’s baroque Zeughaus, or former Arsenal. Temporary special exhibitions are housed in the modern exhibition hall, designed by IM Pei. This spacious new building has a glass and steel foyer, with a striking helical staircase. ©️Thomas Bruns
Located in the heart of Berlin, this memorial serves as a reminder of the many lives lost during the Holocaust. 2,711 concrete pillars make up the memorial with underground information centres providing students with an insight into this horrific event as well as listing the names of all known Jewish Holocaust victims.
The Spy Museum explores the history of espionage and intelligence from antiquity to the present day. It covers WW1, WW11 and the Cold War using multi-media based technology and over 1,000 exhibits. An educational programme is available. Image by Scontrofrontale – CC BY-SA 4.0 – via Wikimedia Commons.
The museum occupies House 1 of the former HQ of the GDR Ministry for State Security, part of a huge complex in Berlin-Lichtenberg which had 7,000 full time employees. Now a research and memorial centre, the permanent exhibition State Security in the SED Dictatorship looks at the impact of the STASI on the lives of individuals in the GDR. Guided tours for groups are available.
Beyond the border checkpoints and secret police, this museum displays the everyday economic, social and recreational elements of life on the other side of the wall. It is one of the most interactive museums in the world, where visitors take part and handle the exhibits. Fact: DDR Museum was nominated for the European Museum of the Year Award 2008
This 368 metre tower dominates the city skyline and is the tallest building in Germany. The Tower was built in the 1960’s by the East German Government not least to demonstrate the strength and efficiency of the socialist party system. The observation deck at 203 metres includes Berlin’s highest bar and there is a revolving restaurant at a height of 207 metres.
Sitting just west of Berlin, Potsdam is home to a number of palaces and parks recognised by UNESCO.Together they create a unique landscape epitomising the monarchic ideas of the Prussian state. The historic Treaty of Potsdam which determined the division of Germany was signed in 1945 at the nearby Cecilienhof Palace.
This museum tells the history of the Western Powers in Berlin from 1945 to 1994 with a focus on the Berlin Air lift and the Cold War era. The city which had been divided after the war became a symbol of division when the Cold War developed. Exhibits include a section of an espionage tunnel and the original guardhouse of Checkpoint Charlie. Guided tours are available.
On the 21st July 1944 resistance fighters from within the armed forces were executed in the courtyard of the Bendlerblock. The Officers Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, Friedrich Ol-bricht, Albrecht Ritter Mertz von Quirnheim and Werner von Haeften had plotted a coup and attempted to murder Hitler. The building is now a Memorial and education Centre with an exhibition about German Resistance to National Socialism.
Close to the Brandenburg Gate this new Museum is a high- tech multi-media show on 87 screens with surround sound and looks at 300 years of Berlin History. Experience original film of the opening of the Berlin Wall and other significant events which have taken place in the city including the World Cup.
Why groups like it:
Why groups like it:
- Learn more about the importance of events in this city for German and European history
- Visit a central location in the history of totalitarianism and the Holocaust
- Gain a greater understanding of Berlin’s war-time and post-war history and reflect on atrocities committed during World War II
- Reflect on how Berlin’s past has influenced the modern city as it is today
Students will have had an opportunity to:
- Contemplate the breadth of German history
- Ponder how the repetition of the tragic events of the past can be avoided in the future
- Find out how present generations understand and come to terms with the past
- Identify Germany’s place in modern European history
- Visit key historical sites previously read about, and gain a sense of the human cost of World War II and the Cold War